DICTIONARY

ARENA: MIND CONFLICT
Kartsen MEYHOFF
Denmark

BLITZKRIEG
Friedrich KITTLER
Germany

PAINE. MEMORY. A MEMORY-BOOK
Zoya YEROSHOK
Russia

WAR AND PEACE IN TERMS AND DEFINTIONS
Dmitry LOSKUTOV
Russia/Brussels

IMAGE WAR
Sotirios BAHTSETZIS
Greece

REDEMPTION OF THE HOSTAGES
Viacheslav IZMAILOV
Russia

WARS, WAVES, RULERS
Wladimir VELMINSKY
Russia/Germany

HARMONY (WAR SONG)
Yuki HIGASHINO
Japan/Frankfurt

CIVIL WAR
Valery PODOROGA
Russia

INTERPRETATIONS
Oleg NIKISHIN
Russia

INFORMATION
Dmitry ROGOZIN
Russia

ZONE INERDITE
Christoph WACHTER
Germany
Mathias JUD
Switzerland/Berlin

CLOWN (AT WAR)
Leo BASSI
Italy/Spain

CIRCLE OF WAR
Arkady BABCHENKO
Russia

CONCEPT - UNKNOWN SOLDIER
Oleg ARONSON
Russia

CORPORATION
Uzochukwu NDUKA
Nigeria

CAT-NOTATION
Joulia STRAUSS
Russia /Berlin

FACES OF TERROR
Anthony BEEVOR
UK

IMAGE OF AN ENEMY
Ljubov VINOGRADOVA
Russia

UN: CONDITIONS FOR PEACE
Vladimir PETROVSKY
Russia

REFUSAL
Roman SCHMIDT
Germany

HEROISM
Boris LEONOV
Russia

ANCESTORS
Nikolay PLUZHNIKOV
Russia

SERGEANT KOSOV: PEACEMAKER
German VINOGRADOV
Russia

RADICAL SIMPLIFICATION
Andrey TKACHENKO
Russia

SNIPER
Jakob BOESKOV
Denmark/NY

STRATEGIC CONFLICT PREVENTION
Anton IVANOV
Russia

LEVEL OF DISPERSION. ASHES
Ilya PLEKHANOV
Russia

FINANCIAL WAR (EX-VASION)
Sigudrur INGOLFSSON
Iceland

PRIVATE WAR
Obrad SAVIC
Serbia/UK

SHALAMOV:WAR/CAMP
Mikhail RYKLIN
Russia

Flag ES

ACT OF HEROISM

Boris Leonov

Concept: Heroism as the main notion connected with the spiritual activity of a human being, with his/her capacity to voluntarily, independently, consciously to reject him/herself for the sake of others and thus to surpass “the animal state of war”

 

Act of heroism, Heroic deed, “Podvig” in Russian – is a typical Russian notion that can not be translated into other languages. This act is seen not only in the context of War. There is a religious and the labor context to it as well. This is a special notion connected with the spiritual activity of the human being, with the possibility to voluntarily, conscientiously reject oneself for the sake of others. Military heroic act is connected with the overcoming of terror, of the “animal fear” which gets into a person, once he finds himself at the state of war. Many deeds performed out of self-preservation and despair can seem as heroic. Yet the essence of a heroic deed is the conscious sacrifice, it envelops and surpasses our “animal” within and thus overcomes the very State of War, transmitting us back into Humans again. This transmission is open not only to one man but to whole masses of people, that carry on their shoulders “the everyday” heroism of war, the insufferable labor of it. In literature this deed is connected with some typical features that a writer tries to single out of his personage and his crowd. This deed is being sought for, thought through, weighed and measured. Yet in final analyses it is mainly connected to the notions of Motherland, Homeland, born in the confrontation with an enemy. For one can accept one’s own death and the death of one’s closest people, but not the death of All. And thus gradually one must raise above oneself, go through the school of “manhood”, maturing enough as to level oneself with the possibility of a deed, an act that could carry the name of heroism.