DICTIONARY

ARENA: MIND CONFLICT
Kartsen MEYHOFF
Denmark

BLITZKRIEG
Friedrich KITTLER
Germany

PAINE. MEMORY. A MEMORY-BOOK
Zoya YEROSHOK
Russia

WAR AND PEACE IN TERMS AND DEFINTIONS
Dmitry LOSKUTOV
Russia/Brussels

IMAGE WAR
Sotirios BAHTSETZIS
Greece

REDEMPTION OF THE HOSTAGES
Viacheslav IZMAILOV
Russia

WARS, WAVES, RULERS
Wladimir VELMINSKY
Russia/Germany

HARMONY (WAR SONG)
Yuki HIGASHINO
Japan/Frankfurt

CIVIL WAR
Valery PODOROGA
Russia

INTERPRETATIONS
Oleg NIKISHIN
Russia

INFORMATION
Dmitry ROGOZIN
Russia

ZONE INERDITE
Christoph WACHTER
Germany
Mathias JUD
Switzerland/Berlin

CLOWN (AT WAR)
Leo BASSI
Italy/Spain

CIRCLE OF WAR
Arkady BABCHENKO
Russia

CONCEPT - UNKNOWN SOLDIER
Oleg ARONSON
Russia

CORPORATION
Uzochukwu NDUKA
Nigeria

CAT-NOTATION
Joulia STRAUSS
Russia /Berlin

FACES OF TERROR
Anthony BEEVOR
UK

IMAGE OF AN ENEMY
Ljubov VINOGRADOVA
Russia

UN: CONDITIONS FOR PEACE
Vladimir PETROVSKY
Russia

REFUSAL
Roman SCHMIDT
Germany

HEROISM
Boris LEONOV
Russia

ANCESTORS
Nikolay PLUZHNIKOV
Russia

SERGEANT KOSOV: PEACEMAKER
German VINOGRADOV
Russia

RADICAL SIMPLIFICATION
Andrey TKACHENKO
Russia

SNIPER
Jakob BOESKOV
Denmark/NY

STRATEGIC CONFLICT PREVENTION
Anton IVANOV
Russia

LEVEL OF DISPERSION. ASHES
Ilya PLEKHANOV
Russia

FINANCIAL WAR (EX-VASION)
Sigudrur INGOLFSSON
Iceland

PRIVATE WAR
Obrad SAVIC
Serbia/UK

SHALAMOV:WAR/CAMP
Mikhail RYKLIN
Russia

Flag ES

IMAGE OF AN ENEMY

Ljubov Vinogradova

Concept: The image of an enemy during the Second Patriotic War as an image of fear formed by the Soviet propaganda before the war. On the examples of the children’s news-paper caricatures.

 

Who is your enemy? Where does he strike from? Has not he become the reason for all your misfortunes in the past, present and the future? You must know the face of the enemy and you must never show him your back.

In the young Soviet state there were more than enough of people’s enemies. The enemies from the outside and from the inside, the fictional enemies and the real ones… How can one recognize them? Do they even have a face, and if yes, than what is it? Counterrevolutionaries, spies… Engaged in their search people didn’t notice how the real enemy came to strike. He stormed into your home, the real enemy – more frightening than fear itself.

War. Hatred. Image of an Enemy… Germans – are not people. Germans are animals that know no mercy to women and children. These animals should be destroyed without mercy too. By the end of war Germans are pathetic, cowardly, frozen creatures, debased and disgraced and hungry yet not worthy of mercy, even of pity. Even when dead.

Once the war-time children saw Germans for the first time they were amazed that they happened to be just people: they thought that Germans were just some terrible brutes. The image of an enemy in the minds of the Soviet war-time children was the image of fear that was created both by Soviet propaganda and by the enemy’s own hand.