DICTIONARY

ARENA: MIND CONFLICT
Kartsen MEYHOFF
Denmark

BLITZKRIEG
Friedrich KITTLER
Germany

PAINE. MEMORY. A MEMORY-BOOK
Zoya YEROSHOK
Russia

WAR AND PEACE IN TERMS AND DEFINTIONS
Dmitry LOSKUTOV
Russia/Brussels

IMAGE WAR
Sotirios BAHTSETZIS
Greece

REDEMPTION OF THE HOSTAGES
Viacheslav IZMAILOV
Russia

WARS, WAVES, RULERS
Wladimir VELMINSKY
Russia/Germany

HARMONY (WAR SONG)
Yuki HIGASHINO
Japan/Frankfurt

CIVIL WAR
Valery PODOROGA
Russia

INTERPRETATIONS
Oleg NIKISHIN
Russia

INFORMATION
Dmitry ROGOZIN
Russia

ZONE INERDITE
Christoph WACHTER
Germany
Mathias JUD
Switzerland/Berlin

CLOWN (AT WAR)
Leo BASSI
Italy/Spain

CIRCLE OF WAR
Arkady BABCHENKO
Russia

CONCEPT - UNKNOWN SOLDIER
Oleg ARONSON
Russia

CORPORATION
Uzochukwu NDUKA
Nigeria

CAT-NOTATION
Joulia STRAUSS
Russia /Berlin

FACES OF TERROR
Anthony BEEVOR
UK

IMAGE OF AN ENEMY
Ljubov VINOGRADOVA
Russia

UN: CONDITIONS FOR PEACE
Vladimir PETROVSKY
Russia

REFUSAL
Roman SCHMIDT
Germany

HEROISM
Boris LEONOV
Russia

ANCESTORS
Nikolay PLUZHNIKOV
Russia

SERGEANT KOSOV: PEACEMAKER
German VINOGRADOV
Russia

RADICAL SIMPLIFICATION
Andrey TKACHENKO
Russia

SNIPER
Jakob BOESKOV
Denmark/NY

STRATEGIC CONFLICT PREVENTION
Anton IVANOV
Russia

LEVEL OF DISPERSION. ASHES
Ilya PLEKHANOV
Russia

FINANCIAL WAR (EX-VASION)
Sigudrur INGOLFSSON
Iceland

PRIVATE WAR
Obrad SAVIC
Serbia/UK

SHALAMOV:WAR/CAMP
Mikhail RYKLIN
Russia

Flag ES

FACES OF FEAR

Anthony Beevor

Concept: Soldier is not the one who desires to kill, but the one who accepts the image of fear that exists in his epoch, be it the ancient times, or the times of the modern asymmetrical warfare

 

Wars are not as pacifists tend to say lead because some men just find it sexually attractive to kill. The data of historians shows otherwise. During the Second World War many of the soldiers did not shoot from their guns and rifles. It is not any sexual attraction, but fear that sets the war machine and makes a soldier shoot. Goebbels and Stalin understood it well, while the allied forces didn’t. 10 years of prewar propaganda that mixed hatred and fear helped the participants on both totalitarian sides to go out of the war experience without any mental disorders and neurosis. While the soldiers of the allied forces suffered much more sever effects in this respect.

Modern warfare has its own story. From the new XVIII century ideas of big patriotic and people’s war (American revolution), till the first universal conscription (France), then on to the mass-attacks and heavy artillery (American Civil War), and straight till the trench warfare of the First World War. It developed through the Spanish Civil war (started as a reminiscence of Mexican revolution and ended as the tank operation in Madrid) and then culminated in the Second World War, that added to all this the mass mobilization and mass indoctrination of the both warring parties. This War used the element of terror to its maximum – it was the terror before the adversary and the terror before one’s own. The barraging squads. Penal battalions. Political commissars. The two sides copied each other. And it is just by this measures that Red Army could win the Stalingrad battle (when 13500 soldiers were executed by special forces).

Modern warfare is a series of ethnic hatreds that came to the surface after the straight-jacket of the Cold War was untied. Another name for modern warfare is “asymmetrical warfare” (meaning terrorism) and the “armed humanitarianism” whose slogan is ‘Something must be done”. The new interpretation of the soldier’s role is the defender of the borders of civilization. It is a remote war that uses bombardments trying to minimize the damages among the “civilized forces”. Yet that leads to the unjustifiably high death-rate among the “uncivilized locals”. In Arab world such war is seen as cowardly. And it is the army today that displays most reservations in connection to the use of the military force once we touch upon the question of terrorism. Not war but special troops acting upon the information of the combat intelligence – that’s how the military see the face of war today. Soldier is not the one who wants to kill. But the one who accepts the image of our fear onto himself.